Medical professionals routinely carry out diagnostic tests in order to determine what injuries a patient has, and what type of treatment would be most appropriate for the injuries. Depending on a patient’s symptoms, and the suspected injury, medical tests before treatment for injury can range from basic questioning by the medical professional to more intrusive testing.
For a patient with a head injury which may be suspected of causing an additional brain injury, medical professionals may observe the person’s behavior, checking for indicators such as the person’s ability to move their eyes and limbs, and their level of coherence when speaking. Medical professionals can also make preliminary determinations based on whether or not the patient lost consciousness or is experiencing memory loss. Depending on the seriousness of the suspected injury, the medical professional may order imaging tests, such as X-rays, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computer Assisted Tomography (CAT) scans, which may give a better picture of the injuries.
Testing for neck injuries also begins with observation and a physical exam that may include palpitation of areas that the patient identifies as causing discomfort, as well as the head and shoulders. Palpitation can held the medical professional identify areas with tension. The medical profession may also test for the patient’s range of motion as an indication of the level of an injury. If further testing is required, for example if the patient complains of associate pain in the arms, a medical professional may order an Electromyography (EMG) to test for a more accurate diagnosis.
As with head and neck injuries, testing for back injuries often begin with a verbal consultation in which a medical professional tries to determine the patient’s symptoms and make a preliminary diagnosis if possible. This verbal consultation may be followed by physical manipulation of the body to check for the patient’s range of motion, any pain, decreased motor skills, and other symptoms. If the physical manipulation indicates that the injury may be more serious, or if the medical profession determines it is in the patient’s best interest, the medical professional may order more advanced diagnostic testing. Tests such as blood sampling, spinal taps, MRI, CAT scans, X-Rays, EMGs and bone scans may be ordered to assist with diagnosis based on what a doctor suspects is the cause of the patient’s pain.
Once a doctor reviews the results of any of the tests conducted on a patient, he can better diagnose the patient’s condition, and better assess what kind of treatment the patient will need to recover. If a patient is uncomfortable with any suggested testing, he or she should discuss alternative approaches with his or her doctor.
If you need assistance in the aftermath of a serious accident, contact the Las Vegas personal injury attorneys at the Ladah Law Firm, PLLC, at any time for a free consultation by calling 702.252.0055. We are prepared to help you through each step of your case.